When Jinnah failed

By Cofounder Citizen Awareness Program

Ram Chandra Kak (PM J&K) - Maharaja Hari Singh
Ram Chandra Kak (PM J&K) – Maharaja Hari Singh

Behind Jinnah’s demeanor of preservation, honesty and integrity a dirty intrigue was being played by those expected of some amount of latter attributes as dignified personalities. While the division of India was to be supervised by Sir Radcliffe known as the boundary commission, under the nose of Jinnah it was designed out of a typically native Hindu craft of  Pandit Nehru supported by the then Governor-General of India Lord Mountbatten. Princely states that were given the dominion status {semi-autonomous status}, holding the right to be ruled by the respective princes of the states over the will of the people, at the time of independence their status was to be decided by the princes who were directly under the influence of the British Raj, while naturally their affinities rested with the British as sustenance of their governments resided with them, furthermore, it was quite evident that the British were closer to the Indian National Congress, the Hindu leaders like Pandit Nehru and those like Ram Chandra Kak {Prime Minister of J&K under Maharaja Hari Singh, with a European Wife} compared to those of All India Muslim League or the Quaid.
What needs to be noted down is the fact that Protagonists of Pakistan movement did not desire a forceful occupation of Kashmir, but the whims and wishes of the majority of the Kashmiris to be regarded which was biologically in the favor to accede to Pakistan. Many at times the historical facts have tried to be interpolated and fabricated by the Indian writers in their frustration to prove that it wasn’t the people that wanted to join Pakistan but wanted to acquire independent status or they wanted to accede to India.
The truth is that Pandit Nehru swiftly cleared the way for Kashmir’s accession of India by removing from his way Prime Minister Ram Chandra Kak who supported the idea of Independent Kashmir, while he was replaced by Sheikh Abdullah,  a loyal hire of Nehru, who paved way for Indian accession of Kashmir with unfair and biased tilt of British to Indian adversaries.

“Chosen by Clement Atlee personally, Radcliffe is believed to have changed the borders near Ferozepur and Chittagong Hill Tracts under pressure from the Nehru- Mountbatten combine”
“This was corroborated by Radcliffe’s private secretary Christopher Beaumont, after Radcliffe’s death in 1977, when he provided a memorandum to The Daily Telegraph saying that the borders had been secretly redrawn in the run up to August 13, 1947 to Pakistan’s disadvantage” – see here: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/indiahome/indianews/article-2859697/KASHMIR-FILES-Jinnah-power-games-failure.html

Even if Kashmir was to be Independent, this required three persons to shed their animosities – Maharaja Hari Singh and his Prime Minister Ram Chandra Kak towards Sheikh Abdullah, and the latter towards the other two. Also Nehru’s dislike of the ruler and his Prime Minister, which was evidently because they were preferring Independence over Indian occupation, while PM Sheikh Abdullah was a paid agent of Nehru. A lot about the period between the independence of Pakistan on August 14, 1947, and India’s occupation of Kashmir on October 26, 1947, is shrouded in mystery. None of the front line leadership were the representatives of the general will of the people thus denied accession to Pakistan. All had a preference for its independence, but for different and complex considerations. The truth lies bare that the top leadership of that time was using all the state machinery in order to hijack the right of the people of Kashmir, who were definitely against an alliance with India, which resulted in denial of rightful accession of Kashmir to Pakistan. 


  • Prem Nath Bazaz wrote ( Struggle for Freedom in Kashmir; page 244) – In 1956, he wrote a long Note, referring to himself in the third person, entitled“Jammu and Kashmir State in 1946-47: Dilemma of Accession – The Missing Link in the Story”. It lies among the papers of the State’s Police Chief, Richard Powell, in the British Library in London. It sheds much light on that period (R. Powell Papers, Mss. Eur D 862, OIOC).



  • He writes:“Lord Mountbatten visited Kashmir in June 1947 with the specific object of getting a decision from the Maharaja to accede. He had a talk with Pandit Kak on that occasion and subsequently in New Delhi in the following month. Pandit Kak asked him point-blank to state as to which Dominion he advised Kashmir to accede. Lord Mountbatten, avoiding the direct reply, said, ‘That is entirely for you to decide. You must consider your geographical position, your political situation and composition of your population and then decide.’” 


  • Kak rejoined:“That means that you advise us to accede to Pakistan. It is not possible for us to do that; and since that is so, we cannot accede to India.” In other words, since Kashmir would not accede to Pakistan, it could not accede to India either.


  • Mountbatten’s interview to Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre was published in 1984.He said he had reminded the ruler that “the majority of your population are Muslim”, but Hari Singh had replied: “I don’t want to accede to Pakistan on any account…. I don’t want to join India either, because, if so [ sic], I would feel that perhaps that’s not what the people wanted. I want to be independent” (Mountbatten and Independent India,Vikas; page 37). Mountbatten told the authors, “I must tell you honestly, I wanted Kashmir to join Pakistan…. [Sir Cyril] Radcliffe [Chairman of the India-Pakistan Boundary Commission] let us in for an awful lot of trouble by making it possible for them to accede to India”, by awarding to India a part of Gurdaspur, which facilitated the land link to Jammu and Kashmir. {This proves to the fact that the Maharaja only did not want to join Pakistan for his personal interests, even though the people deemed it necessary and found it the most appropriate option at the time, for Kashmir wasn’t capable of standing as a completely independent state, while Pakistan offered it a natural, social, religious alliance}


  • On this, too, the record clarifies Quaid’s position. The brilliant civil servant Hasan Zaheer delved into the archives and found that Jinnah had directed the Muslim Conference leader Chaudhary Hameedullah to support the ruler’s bid for independence, not accession to Pakistan. (The Times and Trial of the Rawalpindi Conspiracy 1951; Oxford University Press, Karachi; page 70).{Quite evident by this provision that leader who made Pakistan was not a fascist or autocratic who wanted to forceful occupation of a state whose people had a desire to join hands with his unlike the Nehru and Maharaja who wanted to conquer Kashmir without any regard to the right of self determination of the people of the state}

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