Disclaimer: Citizen Awareness Program holds no patents to the ideas listed in this article. These ideas are presented to the public in lieu of severe energy crisis that’s hitting Pakistan at the moment. Also, the ideas presented herein are designed to be actionable and simple, the readers will find this pleasant and rather refreshing as compared to the mainstream way of talking about energy conservation.
5 Possible solutions to Pakistan’s energy crisis (Renewable energy edition)
When we talk about ‘Renewable Energy’ in Pakistan, we refer to an infrastructure and also a city building technology that’s not ‘new’ perse but is very unique and highly energy efficient in both the short and the long run.
Citizen Awareness Program seeks to provide you the reader with information that’s highly sought after and works to ensure better communication among the citizens and how can they contribute towards Pakistan’s growth and development in meaningful ways.
Instead of looking towards costly, or pollutant technology that would be highly toxic to the environment, we’ve compiled a list for you the citizen to benefit from; information that would help you in making informed decisions that can accelerate your contribution to the Pakistani growth outright.
So let’s dive into it…
1) Solar-powered energy generation
When it comes to figuring out the best solution for power generation inside Pakistan or to alleviate the power crisis in Pakistan, there’s no better solution that comes to mind than the solar-powered energy generation.
The reason for this is quite clear, Pakistan is what’s known as a ‘Sun-rich’ country.
Meaning that since the geostatic position of Pakistan is nearer to the equator, the country enjoys more Sunny days than a lot of the countries which sit in the Northern hemisphere of the planet.
This advantageous position makes it an ideal source for “solar-mining” or what’s also commonly known as ‘solar-farming’.
The idea behind this technology is that it uses PV cells, or a more advanced version of the said technology, to harness the Sun’s energy and convert it into useful consumption such as electricity.
This is simply done by capturing the photovoltaic effect of the ‘PV’ cells’ ability to let electrons run freely through its inverter/converter system.
In turn generating what’s known as an electrical charge.
Naturally, this would require that the PV cells are consistently pointed towards the Sun in order to have maximum effect on electricity generation.
Since Pakistan is rich in energy resources, pointing these cells towards the Sun in highly sought after (technological) ways should be very easy to do.
The only hurdle in introducing this technology within Pakistani borders is a lack of legislation and meaningful rules that can facilitate the transfer of this technology to more areas of Pakistan.
Countries such as Spain and the United States are far ahead in terms of harnessing this type of power generation technology simply because a legal and political infrastructure exists that allows greater facilitation and transfer of this technology within the regions of the said countries.
The lesser red tape (bureaucracy) we have getting in the way of innovation and tools of sound science the better.
2) Wind Turbine power generation
Aside from the obvious power and water crisis in Pakistan, we have to look at the sources which can generate cheap and lasting electrical energy for Pakistanis to power their businesses, homes, and educational institutions in more meaningful ways.
We’re not talking about the effects of energy shortfall or crisis in Pakistan in this article, but we’re looking at a holistic approach that allows for a more connected and informed citizen group which can take appropriate action in the days to come.
Wind Turbine is perhaps the most cost-effective power generation method to date that has ever graced the presence of breezy regions of this planet.
The wind power alone is enough to help gigantic ships run on sails for months on end across vast oceans of Earth.
So why not harness this wonderful energy in producing electricity and making the legislation on this type of technology easier.
Doing so will help in bridging the gap between the power crisis in Pakistan and how the citizens can benefit more by finding more meaningful ways in using this energy to create the future of Pakistan.
Wind Turbine is one of the highly sought-after technologies around the world, and its effects can be seen most prominently in the Southern Californian region of the United States, and (very unexpectedly) in regions closer to the city of Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan!
The region is rich in breeze and wind power, Hyderabad is a city which can potentially become the next powerhouse for about 40% of Pakistan’s electricity generation if done right.
Again, the legislation and rules need to facilitate this type of technology to fully sprout within Pakistan.
3) Geothermal power generation
Since the concept of Geothermal power turbine is similar to that of a Hydro or Nuclear power turbine, it’s interesting to note that this is perhaps the greenest option we have in terms of technological prowess in farming renewable resources.
This is because the geothermal energy (of the planet) rises upwards in concentrated channels.
This can be seen in a volcanic eruption or when the plate tectonics shift to make room for more molten rock to the surface.
However, this is not the most efficient way of electricity generation…since it requires that the power generation plant is built on top of the thermal source, which can be a very difficult and arduous task.
The legislation might not be able to help in this matter, but some parts of Pakistan are thermally active, meaning that once a trustworthy survey of the land is taken, the geothermal plant(s) can be built in regions like Southern Sindh (Western side of Karachi), Balochistan, Kashmir, and some parts of KPK.
Punjab isn’t as active with regards to geothermal energy but it has some unique properties such as the resurgence of oil near the city of Jhelum.
So possibilities and opportunities always exist, one has to be on a constant watch for them in order to capture one (or more).
4) Oceanic wave power generation
Oceanic energy is probably the most abundant on the planet after the solar radiation that we get in one day.
But, to harness this type of power, one needs to build near the ocean, and again this technology is restricted in its positioning.
Though not a strict criterion to dismiss such a wonderful technology, legislation can make it difficult to build this type of energy near cities like Karachi, Gwadar, or regions such as Makran Coast, or Thar Coast (west of Karachi).
The technology is very simple, in fact, it may be very identical to Hydro/Dam power generation method.
We simply install a generator turbine on top of the ocean surface and let the ocean waves generate charge particles by turning the turbine naturally (via waves).
This technology is not widespread (as you can perhaps imagine) but it’s not without its merits either.
A proper way of survey, legislation, and engineering effort can bear fruit in almost no time.
5) Harnessing free electrons from metal sources
This is by far the most interesting one on our list.
The concept is not very new but is very difficult to wrap your head around if you don’t have an engineering background.
Metals often have loose electrons which flow between the metallic atoms.
Metals such as copper are easily made to lose their electrons through simple physics.
You only have to harness them using an iron rod attached to the ground and through a sophisticated method of wiring.
We admit, this method was first used by Nikolai Tesla and is not very feasible to use at the moment due to lack of research in this field.
We leave the details to be explained by Canadian scientist Gerrard Morin:
As we don’t have all the details on the amount of research conducted on this type of technology, we encourage the citizens to do their own.
We’re not responsible, neither liable for damages that occur due to anyone conducting this experiment on their own.
Neither will we be legally binding or responsible for providing you with this information.
This article was written for your information only, and if further research is conducted on this technology we’ll notify the citizens accordingly.
6) Bonus: Masdar City in Abu Dhabi
Masdar City #MedinaMasdar in Abu Dhabi is a unique experiment in the 21st Century.
The builders have shown that you can build walkable streets that don’t require cars or other gas guzzling machinery to get around.
Their design has been engineered after putting a lot of thought and careful environmental considerations in mind.
Therefore, Masdar City is now the greenest city in the entire world!
Here’s a link should you wish to visit the city and look at the architecture yourself: Masdar City.
Since the city is perfectly walkable, there’s no need for cars!
And since there are no cars, no animals or people get trampled on or become road kill because the driver was coming in too fast.
The facts are clear, cars kill more people on average than terrorism, wars, and famine combined!
In order to build Pakistan’s future, we must consider the environmental impact we leave behind when we start actively participating in building Pakistan up.
Our very cities have to become environmentally friendly and take the example of Masdar City for many years to come.
When we see something or a method that’s superior to our known, then we must abandon the old ways and look to integrate the better technology within our society at a rapid pace.
This is how we make Pakistan more energy efficient and greener with sustainable energy in the very near future.